Needs Assessment

Child Poverty in York

Each year a local Child Poverty Needs Assessment is undertaken for York. This describes the level of Child Poverty in York and the impact on families.

An extensive Child Poverty Needs Assessment was undertaken in 2011. This has been updated in December 2012.

Key findings (December 2012) are:

  • The proportion of children in poverty in York has decreased to 12.9% (4575). This is in line with national reductions. York has about half the level of child poverty compared to regional and national levels.
  • York has a greater proportion (over 70%/3335 children) of children in poverty living in one parent household than is the case regionally or nationally.
  • Poverty is concentrated in certain areas. There are still 5 wards which experience higher poverty levels than regional and national levels. These make up 56% of all children in poverty.

There has been some reduction in the level of poverty within these wards. Clifton has reduced by 2.5% and Hull Road by 2.7% while Holgate has increased the most between 2009 and 2010, by around 45 children (1.5%). This in 2010 is slightly lower than 58% in 2009.

There are 118 Lower Super Output Area (LSOA), in York fitting inside the 22 wards. LSOAs are a smaller area identified by the census. It shows that even in deprived wards, poverty (reaching 40%) is concentrated in smaller areas and wards with lower poverty rates still have hotspots with concentrated levels of child poverty, e.g. Acomb, Haxby and Wigginton. The top 10 LSOAs for child poverty in 2010 make up 31% of all the children living in poverty.

Employment

York’s unemployment rate has been consistently lower than the regional and national level.

In- work poverty is of considerable concern. National research shows that more children in poverty live in families where adults work than in ‘workless families’. Not being able to work the amount of hours required pushes families towards the poverty line.

The percentage of women in full time employment has dropped significantly since the start of the recession while part time employment has increased. 

Debt

Levels of debt have reduced in York between 2009 and 2011.

Fuel Poverty – fuel costs are pushing many more families into fuel poverty affecting 9 million families nationally. Energy prices rises amongst the main companies have risen between 6% and 10% in the last year.

Education - Narrowing the Gap

Statistically, children in poorer families (measured by Free School Meals, FSM) do less well academically. York has seen improvements in children’s achievement across the 4 main age groups for those in receipt of Free School Meals (FSM) 2010/11 and 2011/12.

Young People - Not in Education, Employment and Training (NEET)

The rate of 16-18 year olds not in education employment or training has remained fairly static since a change to the definition in 2010/11.  The most recent data for November 2012 shows an improvement in NEET at 4.9% for November compared to 5.7% at the same point last year.

Health

Teenage Pregnancy rate continues to fall. There is still a clear correlation between areas of deprivation and levels of teenage pregnancy.

Low Birth Weights and Infant Mortality

York has seen a reduction from 7.3% to 5.7% for low birth weights which is positive as the national rate has remained the same. The number of deaths in the first year of life is higher for York at 5.7 per 1000 than England at 4.3.

Obesity

Childhood obesity rates have increased in York at reception year level and at year 6 between 2009-10 and 2010-11. There is a correlation between the areas of deprivation and unhealthy weight.

Family Information Service

01904 554444

fis@york.gov.uk