EHC needs assessment

This section includes information on:

1. What is an education, health and care plan?

2. What is an education, health and care needs assessment?

3. Who can get an education, health and care plan?

4. Who can request an education, health and care needs assessment?

5. How do I request an education, health and care needs assessment?

6. Deciding whether to assess (weeks 1-6)

7. Assessment and evidence gathering (weeks 6-16)

8. What happens when the decision is made to issue a plan?

9. Finalising the plan

 

What is an EHC plan?

These plans are replacing learning difficulty assessments and statements. They outline what education, health and social care support the child or young person should have. More information on EHC plans can be found here.

What is an EHC needs assessment?

This is an in depth look into a child or young persons special educational needs, the support they need, and whether they require an education, health and care plan to receive that level of support.

Who can get an EHC plan?

Most children and young people with special educational needs will have their needs met by their school. An education, health and care assessment may be necessary for the local authority to decide whether they need to make further provision in accordance with an EHC plan.

To get an EHC plan the child/ young person must be:

  • Under 25
  • Have special educational needs
  • Be in school, college or training

Who can request an EHC needs assessment?

Some examples include:

  • The child’s parents or young person (if over 16)
  • Anyone at your child’s school
  • A doctor
  • A health visitor
  • A nursery worker

How do I request an EHC needs assessment?

A child’s parent or young person (over the age of 16) can request an assessment by contacting the City of York Council through the SEN team:

Deciding whether to assess (weeks 1-6)

At this stage the local authority will decide whether an EHC needs assessment is necessary. The child’s parents or young person should receive notification from the local authority when it is considering an assessment.

The local authority must ensure the child, child’s parents or young person are fully involved in the assessment and any decisions to be made.

The decision whether to assess will be made within 6 weeks of the request being brought to the attention of the local authority. During this time the local authority may ask you, or others (such as your child’s school or other professionals) for information.

The assessment includes finding out what support the child, child’s parents or young person think they need and their aspirations for the future.

Please see the Council for Disabled Children's EHC assessment and plan timeline for all timescales.

At this stage the local authority will decide whether an EHC needs assessment is necessary.

The SEND Code of Practice 2015 states:

The LA should consider whether there is evidence that despite the early years provider, school, or post-16 institution having taken relevant and purposeful action to identify, assess and meet the special educational needs of the child or young person, the child or young person has not made expected progress.

If the LA decides not to assess they must provide the child’s parents or young person with:

  • The reasons for their decision
  • Feedback collected during the process including evidence from professionals.
  • Information about their right to appeal and the time limit for doing so.
  • Information concerning the requirement to consider mediation should they wish to appeal
  • Information regarding the availability of IAS services and disagreement resolution services

For further information about appealing this decision please visit our support when things go wrong page.

Assessment and evidence gathering (weeks 6-16)

From the request for an EHC needs assessment, the LA has 16 weeks to inform the child’s parents or young person of their decision whether to issue a plan.

Assessment gathering may involve:

  • Seeking views and information from the child, child’s parents or young person
  • Seeking advice from professionals about the child or young person’s education, health and care needs and any provision required.

Views, information and advice may be needed surrounding:

  • The child’s education, health and care needs
  • The child’s desired outcomes
  • The provision required to meet the child’s needs and the provision necessary to move towards their desired outcomes

When deciding whether to issue a plan the local authority should consider:

  • Whether provision for the child/ young person can be reasonably provided from within the resources available to mainstream schools
  • Whether the local authority must make provision in accordance with an EHC plan

If the local authority decides not to issue an EHC plan:

Notification must be given to the child’s parents or young person within 16 weeks of the request to assess. Written feedback including evidence and reports from professionals should be provided.

What happens when the decision is made to issue a plan?

  • The local authority has 16 weeks from the request to assess to issue a draft EHC plan. From this point, the child’s parents or young person have 15 days to comment on the draft plan.
  • The plan should take full account of the child’s, child’s parents or young person’s views, wishes and feelings.
  • The local authority should inform the parents that they can request a particular school to be named in the plan.
  • Agreement on any personal budget specified in the draft plan should also be made.

Finalising the plan

The final EHC plan should be issued within 20 weeks of the request to assess.

Where changes to the EHC plan have been requested by the child’s parents or young person, and agreed by the local authority, the draft plan should be amended and issued as a final plan.

If changes are not agreed to by the local authority, the child’s parents or young person should be notified of their right to appeal.

 

Go back to parent home page

 

Family Information Service

01904 554444

fis@york.gov.uk